Justice is made to anyone and everyone, whoever appeals for it, sooner or later. The Indian Penal Code, IPC was formed in the year 1860, October 6th. The act extends to the whole of India except the state of Jammu & Kashmir. It was formed to watch over aspects pertaining to criminal law in the country.
The section 383 of the IPC, 1860 covers ‘Extortion’. Extortion is defined as a ‘Crime where an individual instils fear of injury or death to any other person intentionally so as to dishonestly claim or acquire any heirloom, asset, property, security or any document signed and sealed from the person which can be converted into a valuable security in the future’.
The SEC 384 of IPC states that the act of Extortion is punishable by imprisonment for a term of three years or more depending upon the type of extortion or by paying a substantial fine or by both.
If an accused has committed extortion by instilling fear of injury then he shall be punished with imprisonment for a term of maximum 2 years or with fine or both (Sec 385).
If a criminal commits extortion by instilling fear of death or serious hurt to another person then he shall be punished with imprisonment for a period of 10 years and shall be fined for the same (Sec 386).
In order to commit extortion, if an individual puts another person in fear of grievous hurt or death then he shall be punished with imprisonment for a term of up to 7 years and shall be fined as well (Sec 387).
Whoever commits extortion by instilling a fear of accusation of committing crime which may lead to life imprisonment or imprisonment that can extend to 10 years or more then the individual shall be punished with imprisonment for 10 years or in serious cases, imprisonment for life (Sec 388).
And the above law (sec 388) applies in Section 389 as well where in the individual instils fear of accusation in order to commit extortion.
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